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Все что необходимо знать про иммунитет

Все что необходимо знать про иммунитет
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12-12-2017, 11:40 11 100 326 комментариев
Все что необходимо знать про иммунитет
Термин «иммунитет» происходит от лат. immunitas - «освобождение», и означает невосприимчивость организма к воздействиям болезнетворных микроорганизмов, в том числе вирусов гриппа и ОРВИ. Иммунитет бывает видовой и индивидуальный.

Видовой иммунитет
Вырабатывается в процессе эволюции, и защищает человека от различных болезней, которым подвержены другие биологические виды. Благодаря ему мы не болеем чумой крупного рогатого скота или куриной холерой, а животные, в свою очередь, невосприимчивы к человеческому гриппу и ОРВИ. Повлиять на видовой иммунитет и укрепить его мы не можем.

Индивидуальный естественный иммунитет
Вырабатывается в течение жизни по отношению к определенным возбудителям заболеваний. Так, человек, переболевший корью или ветряной оспой, второй раз уже ими не заболеет - по крайней мере, в том случае, если у него нет серьезных проблем с иммунной системой. Индивидуальный естественный иммунитет может быть как длительным или даже пожизненным, так и кратковременным. После перенесенных гриппа или ОРВИ человек, как правило, некоторое время (от 2 до 6-8 недель) невосприимчив к тому конкретному вирусу, который стал причиной заболевания. Индивидуальный естественный иммунитет можно укреплять.

Индивидуальный искусственный иммунитет
Развивается у конкретного человека после вакцинации против того или иного заболевания. Именно вакцинация и искусственный иммунитет помогли человечеству побороть чуму, холеру, тиф и оспу.

Собственные интерфероны - барьер на пути вирусов
Иммунный патруль организма - это собственные интерфероны – особые белки, циркулирующие в крови. Они обладают противовирусной активностью, способны изолировать вирус, сократить жизненный цикл и ускорить процесс его выведения из организма, привести в боевую готовность окружающие здоровые клетки. При вирусной атаке организм мобилизует свои резервы и запускает иммунный ответ. Чем адекватнее ответ, тем быстрее проходят ОРВИ и грипп и тем ниже вероятность осложнений.

Как помочь организму справиться с инфекцией?
Для того чтобы иммунный ответ организма был полноценным, надо вести здоровый образ жизни, чаще бывать на свежем воздухе, заниматься физкультурой и спортом, следить за тем, чтобы организм получал достаточное количество питательных веществ и витаминов.

Берегите себя и будьте здоровы!
По материалам medportal.ru
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